Periodontal disease and its causes

Periodontal disease, aside from tooth decay, is one of the leading cause as to why adults and children alike lose their teeth. Periodontal disease, or simply known as gum disease, is the persistent inflammation of the soft tissues that supports and surround your teeth.

What causes periodontal disease? This is usually caused by the accumulation of plaque in the mouth. Plaque is a sticky, colorless substance, usually made up of bacteria, that adheres the different surfaces inside the mouth, including the teeth and the gums. When plaque is not removed regularly, it could accumulate and develop to tartar which is harder to remove. In the case of periodontal disease, its accumulation in the gums could cause inflammation which is known as gingivitis. It is usually manifested by red, swollen and bleeding gums.

Gingivitis that is not treated could eventually lead to the condition called periodontitis. In this condition, the infection from gingivitis creates dental pockets which serve as storage area of bacteria and plaques. If left untreated this could lead to the destruction of connective tissues that hold the teeth in place. Over time, this can cause loosening of the tooth which could eventually lead to its removal. Periodontitis is characterized by the signs and symptoms present in gingivitis along with receding gums, chronic bad breath, dental pocket formation and a loose tooth.

Periodontal disease is a nasty dental condition. To prevent its occurrence, strict observance of good oral hygiene is very important. Brushing and flossing your teeth regularly and visiting your dentist for regular dental check-ups and professional cleaning are some ways in keeping your gums and teeth healthy.

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