Oral surgery deals with diagnosing and treating injuries, diseases and defects that affect the head, teeth, gums, mouth, jaws and neck. Often this can be accomplished on an outpatient basis.
Oral surgeons perform corrective surgery on jaws, remove wisdom and broken teeth, and perform bone grafts. Wisdom teeth extraction is quite common because these teeth are the last set to develop. Often these teeth fail to emerge properly and become impacted between the gums and jaw.